Location: Bluegrass Area Development District

Key Indicators

Demographics

Total Population 2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Total Population 830,609 4,468,402

Data Source: Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau, Kentucky State Data Center

High School Graduation (percent adults age 25 or older) 2014-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Total 88% 86%
Female 89% 87%
Male 86% 84%

Data Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, Kentucky State Data Center

Per Capita Income 2014-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Per Capita Income $28,419 $26,948

About the Indicator: Mean income for every man, woman, and child in a particular geography.

Data Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, Kentucky State Data Center

Median Household Income 2014-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Median Household Income $53,202 $48,392

Data Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, Kentucky State Data Center

Social & Behavioral Indicators

Lack of Physical Activity (percent adults) 2016-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 32%(31.3-33.1)
County Group 32%(31.3-33.1)
Area Development District 30%(27.06-32.59)

About the Indicator: Percent of adults who did not participate in any physical activity or exercise during the past month.

Data Source: BRFSS

Prevalence of Obesity (percent adults) 2016-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 35%(34.1-36.0)
County Group 35%(34.1-36.0)
Area Development District 35%(32.11-37.86)

About the Indicator: The percentage of adults estimated to be obese, defined as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30.0 or higher. BMI is equal to weight in pounds divide by height in inches squared and then multiplied by 703.

Data Source: BRFSS

Prevalence of Overweight (percent adults) 2016-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 68%(67.5-69.4)
County Group 68%(67.5-69.4)
Area Development District 67%(64.01-69.79)

About the Indicator: The percentage of adults estimated to be overweight, defined as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 25.0 or higher. This category includes those adults estimated to be obese, defined as having a BMI of 30.0 or greater. BMI is equal to weight in pounds divide by height in inches squared and then multiplied by 703.

Data Source: BRFSS

Recommended Fruit and Vegetable Intake (percent adults) 2015-2017 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 9%(8.4-10.6)
County Group 9%(8.4-10.6)
Area Development District 11%(8.75-13.47)

About the Indicator: Percent of adults who consume five or more servings of fruits and vegetables per day.

Data Source: BRFSS

Prevalence of Smoking (percent adults) 2016-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 24%(23.3-25.0)
County Group 24%(23.3-25.0)
Area Development District 20%(17.97-23.13)

About the Indicator: Percent of adults who are current smokers (variable calculated from one or more BRFSS questions).

Data Source: BRFSS

Binge Drinking (percent adults) 2016-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 15%(14.3-15.8)
County Group 15%(14.3-15.8)
Area Development District 18%(15.4-20.15)

About the Indicator: Binge drinking is defined as having five or more drinks on one occasion for males and having four or more drinks on one occasion for females.

Data Source: BRFSS

Drug Arrests (per 100,000 population) 2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Drug Arrests (per 100,000 population) 2,075 2,407

Data Source: Kentucky State Police Annual Reports & FBI Uniform Crime Reports, Kentucky State Data Center

Violent Crime (per 100,000 population) 2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Violent Crime (per 100,000 population) 210 216

Data Source: Kentucky State Police Annual Reports & FBI Uniform Crime Reports

Health Outcomes

Premature Death (years lost per 100,000 population) 2014-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Premature Death (years lost per 100,000 population) 8,212 9,034

About the Indicator: Years of Potential Life Lost prior to age 75 is a measure of premature mortality that is calculated over the age range from birth to 75 years of age.

Data Source: Kentucky State Data Center - Vital Statistics

Total Mortality (per 100,000 population) 2003-2007 Bluegrass Kentucky
Total Mortality (per 100,000 population) 862 935

About the Indicator: Age-adjusted rate of deaths (from all causes) per year.

Data Source: Kentucky State Data Center - Vital Statistics

Deaths by Age Group (count & rate per 100,000 population) See data Description below. 2013-2017 Bluegrass Kentucky
Less than 1 year 308 1,832
1-4 years 40 296
5-9 years 23 198
10-14 years 31 256
15-19 years 155 819
20-24 years 274 1,572
25-29 years 394 2,162
30-34 years 480 2,708
35-39 years 566 3,431
40-44 years 801 4,462
45-49 years 1,109 6,736
50-54 years 1,733 11,019
55-59 years 2,387 15,609
60-64 years 3,024 18,692
65-69 years 3,417 22,281
70-74 years 3,774 24,690
75-79 years 4,036 26,730
80-84 years 4,362 28,407
85 years and older 9,785 57,797

Data Source: Kentucky State Data Center - Vital Statistics, Deaths by Age Group

Motor Vehicle Deaths (count) 2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Motor Vehicle Deaths (count) 107 724

Data Source: FARS, Kentucky State Data Center

Less than Good Health (percent adults) 2015-2017 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 23%(22.6-24.2)
County Group 23%(22.6-24.2)
Area Development District 21%(18.12-23.13)

About the Indicator: Adults were asked to rate their own health status as excellent, very good, good, fair or poor.  Data indicates the percentage of adults reporting their health status as generally being fair or poor.

Data Source: BRFSS

Physically Unhealthy Days (per month) 2016-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 5(4.9-5.3)
County Group 5(4.9-5.3)
Area Development District 4(3.89-5.01)

About the Indicator: Average number of days in the past 30 days when physical health, including physical illness and injury, was not good.

Data Source: BRFSS

Mentally Unhealthy Days (per month) 2015-2017 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 5(4.4-4.8)
County Group 5(4.4-4.8)
Area Development District 5(4.02-5.06)

About the Indicator: Average number of days in the past 30 days when mental health, including stress, depression, and problems with emotions, was not good.

Data Source: BRFSS

Prevalence of Asthma (percent adults) 2016-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 16%(15.0-16.4)
County Group 16%(15.0-16.4)
Area Development District 17%(14.96-19.69)

Data Source: BRFSS

Prevalence of Diabetes (percent adults) 2016-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 13%(12.6-13.8)
County Group 13%(12.6-13.8)
Area Development District 11%(9.33-12.8)

Data Source: BRFSS

Prevalence of Hypertension (percent adults) 2015-2017 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 39%(38.0-40.3)
County Group 39%(38.0-40.3)
Area Development District 37%(34-40.83)

About the Indicator: Percent of adults who report they have been told they have high blood pressure or hypertension by a health care professional.

Data Source: BRFSS

Heart Disease Deaths (per 100,000 population) 2014-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Heart Disease Deaths (per 100,000 population) 176 195

About the Indicator: Age-adjusted rate of deaths (due to heart disease) per year.

Data Source: Kentucky State Data Center - Vital Statistics

Stroke Deaths (per 100,000 population) 2014-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Stroke Deaths (per 100,000 population) 40 39

About the Indicator: Age-adjusted rate of deaths (due to stroke) per year.

Data Source: Kentucky State Data Center - Vital Statistics

Access to Care

Flu Vaccination in the Past Year (percent adults) 2016-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 38%(37.5-39.3)
County Group 38%(37.5-39.3)
Area Development District 42%(39.54-45.33)

About the Indicator: Percent of adults who report having received a flu vaccine in the past year.

Data Source: BRFSS

Lack of Cholesterol Awareness (percent adults) 2015-2017 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 24%(21.8-25.2)
County Group 24%(21.8-25.2)
Area Development District 9%(7.25-11.7)

About the Indicator: Percent of adults who report that they have not had their cholesterol level checked in the past 5 years.

Data Source: BRFSS

HIV Testing (percent adults under 65) 2016-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 34%(33.0-35.0)
County Group 34%(33.0-35.0)
Area Development District 34%(31.09-36.98)

About the Indicator: Percent of adults younger than 65 who report having ever been tested for HIV.

Data Source: BRFSS

Personal Doctor or Health Care Provider (percent adults) 2015-2017 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 82%(80.8-82.4)
County Group 82%(80.8-82.4)
Area Development District 84%(81.05-85.73)

About the Indicator: Percent of adults reporting that there was one person they think of as their personal doctor or health care provider.

Data Source: BRFSS

Health Care Providers (per 1,000 population) 2009 Bluegrass Kentucky
Primary Care Physicians 1.2 1.0
Physician Specialists 2.3 1.4
Registered Nurses 12.9 11.2
Pharmacists 1.5 1.1
Dentists 0.7 0.6

About the Indicator: Physician and Dentist data based on provider's county of practice as reported to the Kentucky Board of Medical Licensure or Kentucky Board of Dentistry.  Nurse, Physician Assistant, and Pharmacist data based on provider's county of residence. 

Data Source: Kentucky Board of Medical Licensure, Kentucky Board of Dentistry, Kentucky Board of Nursing, Kentucky Board of Pharmacy

Health Care Providers Available 2009 Bluegrass Kentucky
All Physicians 2,629 10,115
Primary Care Physicians 932 4,241
Physician Specialists 1,697 5,874
Registered Nurses 9,726 47,948
Nurse Practitioners 567 2,797
Physician Assistants 297 772
Pharmacists 1,128 4,524
Dentists 563 2,461

About the Indicator: Physician and Dentist data based on provider's county of practice as reported to the Kentucky Board of Medical Licensure or Kentucky Board of Dentistry.  Nurse, Physician Assistant, and Pharmacist data based on provider's county of residence. 

Data Source: Kentucky Board of Medical Licensure, Kentucky Board of Dentistry, Kentucky Board of Nursing, Kentucky Board of Pharmacy

Physicians Available 2009 Bluegrass Kentucky
Total Physicians 2,629 10,115
Total Primary Care 932 4,241
Family Practice 282 1,547
General Practice 20 116
Internal Medicine 368 1,375
Obstetrics and Gynecology 104 493
Pediatrics 158 710
Other Specialty 1,697 5,874

About the Indicator: Based on physician's county of practice as reported to the Kentucky Board of Medical Licensure.

Data Source: Kentucky Board of Medical Licensure

Uninsured Population (percent adults under age 65) 2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Uninsured Population (percent adults under age 65) 9% 8%

About the Indicator: The percentage of the population age 18-64 not covered by private or public health insurance.

Data Source: Small Area Health Insurance Estimates Program, U.S. Census Bureau, Kentucky State Data Center

Forego Care Due to Cost (percent adults) 2016-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
County 12%(11.7-13.0)
County Group 12%(11.7-13.0)
Area Development District 11%(8.9-12.68)

About the Indicator: The percent of adults who report that there was a time in the past year when they needed to see a doctor but could not because of the cost.

Data Source: BRFSS

Medicaid Enrollment 2006 Bluegrass Kentucky
Total 126,122 928,615
65 and Over 12,552 92,515
Adults ages 20-64 40,382 313,706
Children ages 0-19 73,241 518,695
Foster Care Children 2,965 16,110
Blind and Disabled 26,176 208,640
BCCA 72 520

About the Indicator: BCCA refers to women eligible for coverage through the Kentucky Women's Cancer Screening Program.

Data Source: Kentucky Health Care Market Report (Kentucky Department of Medicaid Services)

Medicaid Enrollment (percent of population) 2006 Bluegrass Kentucky
Medicaid Enrollment (percent of population) 17% 22%

Data Source: Kentucky Health Care Market Report (Kentucky Department of Medicaid Services)

Medicaid Expenditures 2006 Bluegrass Kentucky
Total Expenditures $532,944,614 $4,126,757,251
Average Expenditures per Recipient $4,226 $4,444

Data Source: Kentucky Health Care Market Report (Kentucky Department of Medicaid Services)

Maternal & Child Health

Adequacy of Prenatal Care (percent pregnant women) 2014-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Adequacy of Prenatal Care (percent pregnant women) 71% 66%

About the Indicator: Percentage of pregnant women who received prenatal care during the first trimester of pregnancy and had 10 or more prenatal visits.

Data Source: Kentucky State Data Center - Vital Statistics

Infant Mortality (per 1,000 live births) 2003-2007 Bluegrass Kentucky
Infant Mortality (per 1,000 live births) 6 7

About the Indicator: Deaths at any time from birth up to, but not including, one year of age.

Data Source: Kentucky State Data Center - Vital Statistics

Low Birthweight (percent of live births) 2003-2007 Bluegrass Kentucky
Low Birthweight (percent of live births) 9% 9%

Data Source: Kentucky State Data Center - Vital Statistics

Teen Births (rate per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 2014-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Teen Births (rate per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 24 30

Data Source: Kentucky State Data Center - Vital Statistics

General Fertility Rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-44) 2003-2007 Bluegrass Kentucky
General Fertility Rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-44) 58 65

Data Source: Kentucky State Data Center - Vital Statistics

Uninsured Child Population (percent children under age 19) 2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Uninsured Child Population (percent children under age 19) 4% 4%

About the Indicator: The percentage of the population age younger than 19 years not covered by private or public health insurance.

Data Source: Small Area Health Insurance Estimates Program, U.S. Census Bureau, Kentucky State Data Center

Senior Health

Senior Population (percent age 65 or older) 2014-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Senior Population (percent age 65 or older) 14% 16%

Data Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, Kentucky State Data Center

Senior Population Below Poverty Level (percent age 65 years or older) 2014-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Senior Population Below Poverty Level (percent age 65 years or older) 9% 11%

Data Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, Kentucky State Data Center

Senior Labor Force Participation (percent age 65 years or older) 2014-2018 Bluegrass Kentucky
Senior Labor Force Participation (percent age 65 years or older) 18% 15%

Data Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, Kentucky State Data Center

Data Sources:

Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau

Description: Decennial population data (2000, 2010, etc.) is from the Decennial Census. Data for all other years is from the Population Estimates Program, Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau.

Kentucky State Data Center

Description: Calculated by the Kentucky State Data Center.

American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau

Description: Data from American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.  1-Year and 3-Year Estimates may be available for counties with large populations.  For more information, visit census.gov.

BRFSS

Description: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Kentucky Department for Public Health. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Data as analyzed at the county level by the University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Control Program and College of Public Health.

Data for counties with fewer than 50 respondents have been suppressed. 95% confidence intervals listed in parentheses.

County groups were developed by researchers at the University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Control Program and College of Public Health under the direction of the Kentucky Department for Public Health. The county groups were developed through a methodology which considered socioeconomic, demographic, and health-related statistics at the county level, together with geographical proximity and number of BRFSS respondents, to cluster counties based on similar characteristics. County groups are expected to provide more stable rates and reliable estimates for small areas in Kentucky. For additional information, please email rseger at healthy-ky.org.  

Kentucky State Police Annual Reports & FBI Uniform Crime Reports

Description: Calculated by the Kentucky State Data Center.
Rates are calculated using data from the Kentucky State Police Crime in Kentucky Annual Report www.kentuckystatepolice.org/data.htm and FBI Uniform Crime Reports for the specified year and population data from the Population Estimates Program, Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau.

Kentucky State Data Center - Vital Statistics

Description: Kentucky State Data Center analysis of records from the Kentucky Department for Public Health Office of Vital Statistics.

Kentucky State Data Center - Vital Statistics, Deaths by Age Group

Description: Kentucky State Data Center analysis of records from the Kentucky Department for Public Health Office of Vital Statistics. Where Number equals 0, the cases were less than 5, including zero, and Rate was not calculated.

FARS

Description: Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Kentucky Board of Medical Licensure

Kentucky Board of Dentistry

Kentucky Board of Nursing

Kentucky Board of Pharmacy

Small Area Health Insurance Estimates Program, U.S. Census Bureau

Kentucky Health Care Market Report (Kentucky Department of Medicaid Services)

Description: Baumgarten A. Kentucky Health Care Market Report, 2007. Minneapolis, MN: Allan Baumgarten and Associates; February 2008.  Author's analysis of 2006 data file prepared by Kentucky Department of Medicaid Services.